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Transformation of Russian Legislation on Civil Protection in Emergencies Caused by the Spread of Dangerous Infectious Diseases

https://doi.org/10.17803/2313-5395.2020.2.14.198-213

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Abstract

The paper deals with topical issues of the Russian State System for Prevention and Response to Emergencies in the context of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic. Some aspects of a possible legislation reform in the field of protection of the population and territories in emergencies caused by the spread of dangerous infectious diseases are investigated. The authors consider the issues of limiting the constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens in high-alert and emergency situations. Activities to protect the rights and freedoms of citizens in the context of a pandemic are based on article 55 of the Constitution, according to which the rights can be restricted by law only to the extent necessary to protect the health of citizens. Based on the analysis of changes in legislation in this area, the authors substantiate proposals for improving activities in the field of protection of the population and territories in emergencies, as well as expanding the functions of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.

About the Authors

Yu. Shpakovskiy
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)
Russian Federation

Dr. Sci. (Law), Professor, Professor of the Department of Environmental and Natural Resources Law

Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya str., 9, Moscow, 125993



O. Kovrigina
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)
Russian Federation

Associate Professor of the Department of the English Language

Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya str., 9, Moscow, 125993



References

1. Zhavoronkova NG., Shpakovskiy YuG. Sovremennye problemy reformirovaniya gosudarstvennoy deyatelnosti po zashchite naseleniya i territoriy ot chrezvychaynykh situatsiy [Modern problems of reforming state activities to protect the population and territories from emergencies]. 2 Ezhegodnik. Yuridicheskaya nauka v Kitae i Rossii 120–121 (2018). (In Russ.).

2. Zhavoronkova NG., Shpakovskiy YuG. Pravovye aspekty reformirovaniya sistemy gosudarstvennogo upravleniya zashchitoy naseleniya i territoriy v chrezvychaynykh situatsiyakh: uroki pandemii COVID-19 [Legal aspects of reforming the system of state management of protection of the population and territories in emergencies: lessons of the COVID-19 pandemic]. 5 (69) Vestnik Universiteta imeni O.E. Kutafina (MGYuA) 130–141 (2020). (In Russ.).

3. Zhavoronkova NG., Shpakovskiy YuG. Ekologicheskie i energeticheskie problemy chetvertoy promyshlennoy revolyutsii: pravovye aspekty [Environmental and energy problems of the fourth industrial revolution: legal aspects]. 10 (155) Lex russica 53–61 (2019). (In Russ.).

4. Maslikov VA. Natsionalnaya bezopasnost i ustoychivoe razvitie v period pandemii [National security and sustainable development during the pandemic]. 1 (30) Materialy Afanasevskikh chteniy (2020). (In Russ.).

5. Melnikov VI. Sovet bezopasnosti RF — pravovoe stanovlenie i razvitie [The Security Council of the Russian Federation: Legal formation and development]. 4 Vlast (2009). (In Russ.).


For citation:


Shpakovskiy Yu., Kovrigina O. Transformation of Russian Legislation on Civil Protection in Emergencies Caused by the Spread of Dangerous Infectious Diseases. Kutafin University Law Review. 2020;7(2):198-213. https://doi.org/10.17803/2313-5395.2020.2.14.198-213

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ISSN 2313-5395 (Print)
ISSN 2410-2059 (Online)