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Bioethical Aspects of Human Rights in Modern Latin America

https://doi.org/10.17803/2313-5395.2021.1.15.085-098

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Abstract

The aim of the paper is to analyze the bioethical aspects of the institution of human rights in Latin America. The result of the present research is the author's conclusion on the necessity of the practical implementation of legal provisions in this area, and their judicial enforcement in many states of Latin America with the aim of compliance with international standards of human rights. In the face of global uncertainty of COVID-19, it is more necessary than ever to maintain a strong commitment to international law and human rights with responsibility in bioethics, and also to seek to preserve and consolidate what has been advanced in the construction of a world order based on rules and shared values, along with a policy structured on common values and international principles. States must take international responsibility for wrongful acts for the violation of human rights in biolaw. The research methodology was based on general scientific and private scientific methods of cognition (the dialectical method, methods of analysis and synthesis, deduction and induction, comparative legal and historical legal methods). The biolaw basing on the International Law and Human Rights has its special understanding of the issue, which should be supported by further legislative development in Latin America. Latin American courts will not be able to make judgments on bioethical issues for a long time, while it is closely related to biopolitics and other controversial regional political positions. There are structural and historical problems of Latin American legal culture, a high index of criminal impunity and wide discretion of law-enforcement agencies that do not apply specific principles of biolaw and even bypass official bioethical guidelines in their practice. The author's give overview of the practice of Mexico on the matter of the legislative process in biolaw. The paper focuses on different theoretical approaches.

About the Authors

J. A. Travieso
Superior Council of the International Institute of Human Rights (IIDH-America); Department of Public Law at the University of Buenos Aires
Argentina

Juan Antonio Travieso - Ph.D., President of the Superior Council of the International Institute of Human Rights (IIDH-America); Director of the Department of Public Law at the University of Buenos Aires (Argentina); Founder and first Director of the National Directorate of Personal Data Protection of the Ministry of Justice of Argentina.

Viamonte 430, C1053 CABA.



A. V. Ferraro
“Mediterranea” University of Reggio Calabria
Italy

Angelo Viglianisi Ferraro - Ph.D. (Civil Law), Aggregate Professor of European Private Law and the Erasmus Coordinator at the Department of Law, Economics and Human Science of the “Mediterranea” University of Reggio Calabria; Director of the “Mediterranea International Centre for Human Rights Research” (Italy).

Via dell'Universita, 25, 89124 Reggio Calabria RC.



E. N. Trikoz
MGIMO University; Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)
Russian Federation

Elena N. Trikoz - Cand. Sci. (Law), Associate Professor, International Law Department, MGIMO University; Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University).

Prospekt Vernadskogo, 76, Moscow, 119454; Miklukho-Maklaya St., 6, Moscow, 117198.



E. E. Gulyaeva
Council of the International Institute of Human Rights (IIDH-America); Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Russian Federation

Elena E. Gulyaeva - Cand. Sci. (Law), Member of the Council for International Relations of the International Institute of Human Rights (IIDH-America); European Law Department, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Ostozhenka St., 53/2-1, Moscow.



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For citation:


Travieso J.A., Ferraro A.V., Trikoz E.N., Gulyaeva E.E. Bioethical Aspects of Human Rights in Modern Latin America. Kutafin Law Review. 2021;8(1):85-98. https://doi.org/10.17803/2313-5395.2021.1.15.085-098

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ISSN 2313-5395 (Print)
ISSN 2410-2059 (Online)