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Historical Approaches to Euthanasia: The Unfinished Story of a Concept

https://doi.org/10.17803/2313-5395.2021.1.15.099-114

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Abstract

Various ethics committees in Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Luxembourg, Portugal, and France have made attempts to describe the notion of euthanasia. Opinion No 063 (January 27, 2000) of the National Advisory Committee on Ethics shows that there has been no concensus on the definition of this concept. It is therefore necessary to review historical background of euthanasia from ancient times to modern period to better understand its potential applications in divergent contexts.

Studies devoted to euthanasia usually involve two modalities, namely active and passive. The active modality entails the act of deliberately killing a patient with or against their will in order to relieve persistent suffering, while the passive modality deals with the rational valid refusal of life-sustaining medical interventions necessary for the patient's life and health. The goal of this article is to present different historical approaches to euthanasia from two modalities and engage the bioethics community in a discussion on legal, social, and ethical issues of euthanasia all over the world.

About the Authors

A. Haddadi
UFR de droit Toulon; Universite Lille 2
France

Ahmed Haddadi - PhD, Unit EA 3164 Centre d'etude et de recherche sur les contentieux (CERC), UFR de droit Toulon; Unit EA 2694 Sante publique, epidemiologie et qualite des soins Lille2.

35 Av. Alphonse Daudet, BP 1416, 83056, Toulon cedex; 1 Place de Verdun, 59045, Lille cedex.



F. Ravaz
UFR de droit Toulon; Universite Lille 2
France

Florian Ravaz - PhD Candidate, Sante publique, epidemiologie et qualite des soins Lille2, Unit EA 3164 Centre d'etude et de recherche sur les contentieux (CERC) UFR de droit Toulon.

35 Av. Alphonse Daudet, BP 1416, 83056, Toulon cedex.



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For citation:


Haddadi A., Ravaz F. Historical Approaches to Euthanasia: The Unfinished Story of a Concept. Kutafin Law Review. 2021;8(1):99-114. https://doi.org/10.17803/2313-5395.2021.1.15.099-114

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ISSN 2313-5395 (Print)
ISSN 2410-2059 (Online)